Ethiopia - Indigenous Tree Species Restoration, Climate Change Adaptation and Indigenous Livelihood Enhancement Project November 2018
Ethiopia, December 14 2018, Chencha, Ezo, Woro Kebele Gamo people. Chencha- Guggie Indigenous Tree Species Restoration, Local Climate Change Adaptation and Indigenous Livelihood Enhancement Project Year: 2011- 2013 Abraham Adamu. Age: 24 years, and son of Adamu Arba. Abraham Adamu has been weaving for 4 years Gamo people are famous for their weaving skills. They are proudly wearing the clothes themselves, but the clothes also generate income. Tourists that pass by in Chencha district are always delighted to buy them as a souvenir. The project members were given some cash, which was used for several means, including education for their children, buying cattle, house construction and weaving. Although Abraham finished the teaching college he has never been able to find a job as a teacher. His father taught him the skills of weaving, he is now a great weaver after his father managed to secure all necessary weaving equipment.
The community has agreed that the trees planted are to be allowed to reach maturity before they can cut and used for other purposes but the sole purpose is to allow them to stay in the land. In the case where the trees must be cut, then they must be replaced. This knowledge is especially being inculcated to their children and grandchildren
Adamu Arba gave an example of an old mature Koso tree that his son requested to cut down to make a bed. Adamu told his son that he can only cut the tree if he planted 10 Koso trees first and ensured they had taken root (currently his son has planted 7).
Several individuals that were not beneficiaries of the project are also adapting the practice of agroforestry and specifically utilizing the knowledge from the project and planting the same indigenous tree species.
The trees were identified based on their ability to fertilize the soil, help in water retention/hold moisture, canopy for shading purposes and their importance to the environment (that would help in mitigating the climate change effects).
As farmers they understand how important good soil is in the production of crops and in getting a good yield. There was also a strong component of intergenerational transfer of the knowledge of the value of the trees to their children were involved in watering the tree nurseries, transplanting the trees from the nurseries to the farms, methods of protecting the young trees from being eaten by livestock and the now older (6 years) trees from being climbed on by children, knowing the right seasons for pruning the trees for leaves to use in the land or for animal feed. These practices have enabled their children and grandchildren to value the trees. They all testified to have seen concrete results as a result of planting the Anka tree in their farms which is increase in their crop yield as they use the leaves directly in the fields and also by mixing them with animal manure to create compost. photo: IFAD/Petterik Wiggers
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